Xylene is an aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of a benzene ring with two methyl substituents. The xylenes are major petrochemicals, produced by catalytic reforming and also by coal carbonisation in the manufacture of coke fuel. Xylene is used as a solvent in the printing, rubber, paint and leather industries. It is found in small amounts in airplane fuel, gasoline and cigarette smoke. In the cosmetics industry it is used as a fragrance ingredient and solvent.
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