These are hormone disruptors and extremely toxic. They may be carcinogenic, endocrine disruptors, toxic to reproduction and potential damage to DNA. They may cause asthma and eczema, and damage the central nervous system.
Studies have linked APEs in waterways and aquatic sediments to altered reproduction, feminization, hermaphrodism, and lower survival rates in salmon and other fish. These effects have been observed even at low levels, which mean that it takes relatively little APE pollution to create big problems. Unfortunately APEs are robust and do not readily biodegrade into simpler, less harmful compounds. Instead, when they’re washed down the drain—which is their ultimate destination given the products they’re found in—they’re able to enter the environment and persist for long periods of time.
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