Cayenne pepper is a perennial small shrub reaching about 90-100 cm in height. The plant prefers well drained sandy soil and warm climate. Its woody stem with numerous branches is covered with thick dark-green foliage. Small creamy- white flowers cover all over the bush which subsequently develop into long, slender, glossy bright green color fruits (pods). The fruits finally attain mature status when they turn deep-red color.
Interiorly, each cayenne fruit features numerous tiny, flat, disk-shaped, off-white or cream colored seeds. The seeds are actually clinging to central situated white placenta.
In general, the cayenne chili peppers are allowed to ripen completely in the plant and picked up by hand when they are matured and turned red. They are then left to dry, which causes them to shrivel.
Capsicum is used for various problems with digestion including upset stomach, intestinal gas, stomach pain, diarrhea, and cramps. It is also used for conditions of theheart and blood vessels including poor circulation, excessive blood clotting, high cholesterol, and preventing heart disease. Other uses include relief of toothache, seasickness, alcoholism, malaria, and fever. It is also used to help people who have difficulty swallowing. Some people apply capsicum to the skin for pain caused by shingles, osteoarthritis,rheumatoid arthritis, and fibromyalgia. It is also used topically for nerve pain (neuropathy) associated with diabetes and HIV, other types of nerve pain (neuralgia), and back pain. One form of capsicum is currently being studied as a drug for migraine, osteoarthritis, and other painful conditions.
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